On February 27, 2018, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani proposed unconditional peace talks with the Taliban following an upsurge in violence, which offered them recognition as a legal political party and the release of Taliban prisoners. The offer was the most advantageous for the Taliban since the beginning of the war. It was preceded by several months of national consensus, which revealed that Afghans overwhelmingly supported the end of the war.   Two days earlier, the Taliban had called for talks with the United States and said, “America and its allies must now see that the issue of Afghanistan cannot be resolved militarily. America must now focus on a peaceful strategy for Afghanistan rather than war.  On March 27, 2018, a 20-country conference in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, supported the Afghan government`s offer of peace to the Taliban.  However, the Taliban did not respond publicly to Ghani`s offer. [Citation required] However, there are a number of hooks that can prevent the full implementation of the agreement. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not involved in the negotiations. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has not supported many parts of the agreement and has opposed the need for the next steps to move the peace process forward. This includes the release of Taliban prisoners, which he has not done so far, although he has proposed a more modest release. Al Qaeda, an international terrorist network, was granted a submarine in Afghanistan on the condition that it did not irritate the United States, but Osama bin Laden rejected the agreement in 1998 when he orchestrated bombings of U.S.
embassies in East Africa. The episode was indicative of the tensions that have on the day between the two groups. The Taliban were basically parochists, while Al Qaeda was targeting global jihad.  The Afghan government has agreed to participate in joint negotiations, provided the Taliban meet the terms of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, and has committed to discussing the release of the prisoners. With the United States, the Afghan government has also agreed to begin reviewing its sanctions against the Taliban after intra-Afghan negotiations begin. For its part, the United States reaffirmed its determination to obtain approval by the United Nations Security Council for future agreements, to cooperate with the Afghan government in reconstruction efforts and to refrain from intervening in Afghanistan`s internal affairs. Because the agreement contains language on various measures that the Afghan government should take, its failure to participate in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a “sign of trust” between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time. However, the prisoners are held by the Afghan government, not the United States. Since the Afghan government was not part of the agreement, it does not feel obliged to release Taliban prisoners they consider terrorists. The next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government is therefore frozen. The two rivals, India and Pakistan, are in conflict over the Afghan peace process.
After an attack in May 2020 at a hospital in Kabul, which the Afghan state blamed on the Taliban, while the United States