In recent history, these agreements have been signed within the framework of two EU policies: the Stabilisation and Association Process (SAp) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The environmental effects for countries exporting agricultural products from wetlands or other environmental regions, for example Brazil, have been increasingly documented by environmental groups that oppose EU trade agreements.  In addition, other industries with significant environmental impacts, such as mining, are developing in areas with low regulatory burdens, such as South America and Asia. Inter-professional organisations have argued that increasing economic performance in these sectors will only strengthen standards in participating countries and that EU trade agreements should go hand in hand with efforts to harmonize environmental legislation.  Trade agreements between the EU and other countries or free trade zones have different effects on national economies. The agricultural industry is most affected when regional farms face competition from large producers who have access to markets in the event of lower tariffs. In major agreements such as the AA with Mercosur, European countries are significantly opposed to cheaper imports of meat and other products.  However, for the automotive and export manufacturing industries, which generally include larger global groups, significant increases in volume are evident for more industrialized members of trade.  The EU has a specific agreement that allows for partnership and cooperation agreements. Association agreements are comprehensive framework agreements between the EU (or its predecessors) and its member states, as well as an external state that governs their bilateral relations. The provision of an association agreement was inserted into the Treaty of Rome, which created the European Economic Community, to enable the Community`s cooperation with the United Kingdom, which had withdrawn from the treaty negotiations at the Messina Conference in 1955. According to the European External Action Service, an agreement that must be classified as AA must meet several criteria: A Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (APC) is a legally binding agreement between the EU and third countries. It is one of three types of international agreements.
The EU works for the democratic and economic development of a country through a partnership and cooperation agreement. A PCA is usually concluded for a period of ten years, after which they are automatically renewed each year, unless no objections are raised. A European Union Association Agreement (A.A.) is a treaty between the European Union (EU), its member states and a non-EU country, which establishes a framework for cooperation between them. Among the areas that often fall under these agreements is the development of political, commercial, social, cultural and security relations. The legal basis for the conclusion of association agreements is provided by Article 217 of the Treaty ON THE EUROPEAN Union (Article 310 and 238 TEC). Each of these agreements is agreed on specific terms, taking into account the bilateral objectives of both parties.